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Tarihin Kafuwar Rundunar Sojojin Najeriya.

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Tarihin Sojojin Najeriya ya samo asali ne tun a shekarar alif 1863 lokacin da Laftanar Glover na Royal Navy ya zabo ’yan asalin yankin Arewacin kasar da ake kira Najeriya su 18 ya tsara su zuwa wata runduna ta cikin gida da ake kira “Glover Hausas”.

Glover ya yi amfani da ƙananan sojojin ƴan ƙasa a lokacin da yake gwamnan Legas don gudanar da ladabtarwa a yankin Legas da kuma kare hanyoyin kasuwanci na Birtaniyya a ciki da kewayen garin  Legas.

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A shekarar alif 1865, “Glover Hausas” suka samu ƙarfi da kuma cigaba da gudanar da aikin su na yau da kullun, kuma aka canza sunansu zuwa “Hausa Constabulary”.  Suna yin aikin ‘yan sanda da na soja a lokacin gwamnatin mulkin mallaka.  Daga baya suka zama ‘Lagos Constabulary‘.

An  shigar da su cikin Rundunar Sojojin Gaban Yammacin Afirka wato West Africa Frontier Force (WAFF).  A cikin shekarar alif 1901, suka zama  “Lagos Batalion.”  Baya ga wannan runduna, gwamnatin Birtaniya ta hada da Royal Niger Company (RNC), Constabulary Force a Arewacin Najeriya a shekarar alif 1886.

 A cikin shekarar alif 1889, Lord Fredrick Lugard ya kafa kungiyar da aka santa a shekarar alif 1890 a matsayin West Africa Frontier Force, (WAFF), a Jebba, Arewacin Najeriya.

Rukunin ya faɗaɗa ta hanyar ɗaukar abubuwan da ke Arewacin Najeriya na Kamfanin Royal Niger Company (RNC) Constabulary.  A ƙarshen shekarar alif 1901, ta haɗa dukkan ƙungiyoyin sa-kai a cikin sauran abubuwan dogaro na Birtaniyya a cikin umarninta, wannan dalili yasa suka ƙirƙiri sunan West Africa Frontier Force “WAFF.”

Kafa Rundunar Sojojin Gaban Afirka ta Yamma wato (West African Frontier Force (WAFF)) ta haifar da hadewar dukkan rundunar zuwa rundunar soji ta din din din.  Hadakar da aka yi a Najeriya ta samar da rundunar soji ta din din din  a Arewacin Najeriya da kuma Kudancin Najeriya.

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Kwamandojin Farko na Sojojin Kudancin na WAFF sune Lt CHP Carter a shekarar alif 1899 zuwa 1901 da Col J Wilcox a shekarar alif 1900 zuwa 1909 haka suke bi da bi.  Daga baya an yi amfani da rundunonin guda biyu don yin balaguro a lokacin da Lord Lugard ya mamaye Nijeriya tsakanin shekarar alif 1901 zuwa 1903.

Da hadewar Najeriya a shekarar alif 1914, sai aka samu hadewar Arewa da Kudu wanda hakan ya samar da  Sojojin Najeriya.

Dakarun Arewacin Najeriya sun zama bataliya ta daya da ta biyu na rundunar sojojin Najeriya, yayin da sojojin Kudancin Najeriya suka zama bataliya ta 3 da ta 4 na runduna ta Nigerian Regiment (NR).

Sojojin da aka kafa na Sojojin Arewa sun zama bataliya ta rundunar da aka sani bayan yakin duniya na biyu.  Har ila yau, an samar da runduna masu ɗauke da manyan makamai na yaƙi wato (Artillery) a yankin Arewa.

Ziyarar Sarauniya Elizabeth ta Biritaniya tsakanin 28 ga Janairu zuwa 15 ga Fabrairu, shekarar alif 1956, rundunar sojojin Najeriya ta koma Queens Own Nigerian Regiments (QONR).

Haka nan kuma a cikin wannan shekarar ne aka dawo da rundunar Soji ta West Africa Frontier Force (WAFF) inda kowace rundunar soji ta zama mai cin gashin kanta.  Sakamakon haka, QONR ta zama Rundunar Sojan Najeriya wato Nigeria Military Force (NMF).

 A ranar 1 ga watan Yuni, shekarar alif 1958, Majalisar Sojojin Burtaniya da ke Landan ta mika ragamar mulkin NMF ga gwamnatin Najeriya.

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 A shekarar alif 1960, lokacin da Najeriya ta samu ‘yancin kai, Nigeria Military Force (NMF) aka kuma canza  sunan Royal Nigerian Army (RNA).  Lokacin da Najeriya ta samu ƴancin kanta, sai  aka canza RNA  zuwa Sojojin Najeriya wato (Nigeria Army).

 A cikin wannan shekarar, Sojojin suka canza kakinsu, da kuma tsarin martaba (Ranka) da kayan aiki zuwa sababbi ciki har da rigar khaki mai launin kore.

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